Manuscripts have to be double-spaced with one-inch margins. Headings must be used to designate the major divisions of the paper. To facilitate the review process, manuscripts should contain page and line numbering.
Manuscripts must be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are strongly advised to have their manuscript checked by a language editing service, or by an English mother-tongue colleague prior to submission.
The first page must contain: i) title (lowercase), without acronyms; ii) first name and family name of each author, separated by commas; iii) affiliation(s) of each author; iv) acknowledgments; v) full name and full postal address of the corresponding author. Phone, fax number and e-mail address for the correspondence should also be included; vi) three to five key words.
The second page should contain: i) authors’ contributions, e.g., information about the contributions of each person named as having participated in the study; ii) disclosures about potential conflict of interests; iii) further information (e.g., funding, conference presentation ...). If tables are used, they should be double-spaced on separate pages. They should be numbered and cited in the text of the manuscript.
If figures are used, they must be submitted as .jpg files, with the following digital resolution: i) color (saved as CMYK): minimum 300 dpi; ii) black and white/grays: minimum 600 dpi; iii) one column width (8.5 cm) or 2 column widths (17.5 cm). A different caption for each figure must be provided at the end of the manuscript, not included in the figure file.
If abbreviations are used in the text, authors are required to write full name+abbreviation in brackets [e.g. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)] the first time they are used, then only abbreviations can be written (apart from titles; in this case authors have to write always the full name).
Original Articles (3500 words max, abstract 180 words max, 30 references max, 3/5 tables and/or figures): In general, this kind of publication should be divided into an Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions and References. A maximum of 10 authors is permitted and additional authors should be listed in an ad hoc Appendix.
Reviews (4000 words max, abstract 250 words max, minimum 40 references, 3/5 tables and/or figures): They should be introduced by a general summary of content in the form of an Abstract. Following a short introduction, putting the study into context and defining the aim, reviews will concentrate on the most recent developments in the field. A review should clearly describe the search strategy followed (key words, inclusion, exclusion criteria, search engines, ...). No particular format is required; headings should be used to designate the major divisions of the paper.
Brief Reports (about 2000 words, abstract 150 words max, 20 references max, 3 tables and/or figures): Short reports of results from original researches. They should be introduced by a general summary of content in the form of an Abstract. They must provide conclusive findings: preliminary observations or incomplete findings cannot be considered for publication.
Case Reports (about 2000 words, abstract 150 words max, 20 references max, 3 tables and/or figures): Reports describing observations on clinical cases that can be educational, including adverse effects of drugs or outcomes of a specific treatment. They should be divided into: Abstract, Introduction (optional), Case report(s), Discussion, Conclusions and References.
Letters to the Editor (800 words max): These are written on invitation, short essays that express the authors’ viewpoint, may respond to published manuscripts in our journals, or deliver information or news regarding an issue related to the Journal scope. If the letter relates to a published manuscript, the authors of the original manuscript will be given the opportunity to provide a respond. Authors of Letters to the Editor should provide a short title.
Book Reviews (no abstract, no references needed): They should be ashort critical analysis and evaluation of the quality, meaning, and significance of a short book which addressed at least one of main topics of the Journal (the authors should contact the Editor-in-Chief of the journal for his/her approval before submitting a Book review).
References should be prepared strictly according to the Vancouver style. References must be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first cited in the text (not alphabetical order), and they must be identified in the text by Arabic numerals in superscript. References in the main text must always be cited after dots and commas. References to personal communications and unpublished data should be incorporated in the text and not placed under the numbered references [Example: (Wright 2011, unpublished data) or (Wright 2011, personal communication)]. Where available, URLs for the references should be provided directly within the MS-Word document.
References in the References section must be prepared as follows:
i) more than three authors, cite 3 authors, et al. If the paper has only 4 authors, cite all authors (a few journals cite 6 authors, et al.;)
ii) title style: sentence case; please use a capital letter only for the first word of the title;
iii) journal titles mentioned in the References list should be abbreviated according to the following websites:
a. ISI Journal Abbreviations Index (http://library.caltech.edu/reference/abbreviations/);
b. Biological Journals and Abbreviations (http://home.ncifcrf.gov/research/bja/);
iv) put year after the journal name;
v) never put month and day in the last part of the references;
vi) cite only the volume (not the issue in brackets);
vii) pages have to be abbreviated, e.g., 351-8.
Al-Awadi NA. Gas Phase pyrolytic reaction. J. Chem. Soc. 1990: 2: 2179-89.
Waked A. Energy conversion measures in Kuwaiti buildings. Proceedings of the First Regional Symposium in Thermal Insulation in the Gulf States. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Kuwait. 1980. pp 182-91.
Verklig AJ, Schat H. Mechanisms of metal tolerance in plants. In: Shaw, A.J. (Ed.). Heavy Metal Tolerance in Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton: 1990. pp 179-193
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor field).
2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
3. We fight plagiarism: please understand that your article will be checked with available tools for discovering plagiarism.
4. The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed at the end of the manuscript.
5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
6. I understand that this journal charge a publication fee for publication. I confirm that I will pay the amount due whether my manuscript will be accepted for publication.
7. All published material should be acknowledged and copyright material should be submitted along with the written permission of the copyright holder.
8. Authors are kindly required to suggest at least two potential reviewers (name, affiliation and e-mail) for their manuscript.
All papers submitted to Spring are subject to peer review process. All accepted papers will be suitably edited before publication. The Editorial Board of the journal will immediately screen all articles submitted for publication in that journal. Those articles which fail to reach the scientific standards of the journal may be declined without further review. Those articles which satisfy the requirements of the Editorial Board will be sent to a maximum of three referees. These are experts in the field who have agreed to provide a rapid assessment of the article. Every effort will be made to provide an editorial decision as to acceptance for publication within 4-6 weeks of submission. Referees may request a revision of the article to be made. In this case, it is generally understood that only one revised version can be considered for a further appraisal under the peer-review system.
Conference articles are peer-reviewed by respective conference editorial team itself. After review, the conference team will submit all accepted papers (with reviewer’s reports & copyright agreement of authors) on single occasion to our journal. Then the received articles are subjected to editorial-review of our journal editorial-team. That article contains similar “Received Date” & “Accepted Date” in article publication history.
Author(s) will be asked to sign a transfer of copyright agreement, which recognizes the common interest that both journal and author(s) have in the protection of copyright. It will also allow us to tackle copyright infringements ourselves without having to go back to authors each time.
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IMPORTANT: Authors are NOT required to pay at the moment of submission. If the paper is accepted, the Managing Editor will guide the Authors through the payment procedure.
The Editorial Board of our journal will immediately screen all articles submitted for publication in that journal. Plagiarism is not limited to the Results and Discussion sections; it can involve any part of the manuscript, including figures and tables, in which material is copied from another publication without attestation, reference, or permission. Note that wording does not have to be exact to be copyright infringement; use of very similar words in almost the same sequence can also be infringement. Any suspected misconduct ends up with a quick rejection.
Duplicate or redundant publication is a publication that overlaps substantially with one already published, in press, or in an electronic media submission.
Duplicate or redundant submission is the same manuscript (or the same data) that is submitted to different journals at the same time. International copyright laws, ethical conduct, and cost effective use of resources require that readers can be assured that what they are reading is original.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published or currently submitted elsewhere. Duplicate publication is a violation of the APA code of ethics (APA Publication Manual, 2010) and will be grounds for prompt rejection of the submitted manuscript. If the editor was not aware of the violation and the article has been published, a notice of duplicate submission and the ethical violation will be published.
It is necessary that authors should disclose any conflict related to the manuscript while submitting the manuscript for consideration. The conflict of interest will be published along with the article. If the study was funded and there was no conflict of interest the authors must mention “Funding source had no role in study design, data collection, interpretation of results and manuscript writing”. If there is no conflict of interest, authors should mention “Declared none”.
Conflict of interest exists when an author (or the author's institution), reviewer, or editor has financial or personal relationships that inappropriately influence (bias) his or her actions (such relationships are also known as dual commitments, competing interests, or competing loyalties). These relationships vary from negligible to great potential for influencing judgment. Not all relationships represent true conflict of interest. On the other hand, the potential for conflict of interest can exist regardless of whether an individual believes that the relationship affects his or her scientific judgment. Financial relationships (such as employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, and paid expert testimony) are the most easily identifiable conflicts of interest and the most likely to undermine the credibility of the journal, the authors, and of science itself. However, conflicts can occur for other reasons, such as personal relationships, academic competition, and intellectual passion.
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.
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