Volume 7, Number 18, Pages 1-10, October-December , 2016

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Chlorpyrifos is a broad spectrum organ phosphorus compound, with anticholinesterase enzyme activity against a variety of chewing, sucking and boring insects/pests and used worldwide. Continuous and excessive uses of chlorpyrifos for agricultural as well as other purpose have resulted in environmental pollution, human and animal adverse health effects. Biodegradation of chlorpyrifos by microbes is a cost effective technique for environmental clean-up of this toxic pesticide. Microorganisms including bacteria, fungi and actinomycetes alone as well as together have been reported to efficiently degrade chlorpyrifos. The present review article deals with the isolated chlorpyrifos degrading microorganisms and enzyme systems probably playing active role in chlorpyrifos degradation (Ref: Anish Kumar Sharma, Jyotsana Pandit. Biodegradation of Chlorpyrifos by Microbes - A Review. Discovery Biotechnology, 2016, 7(18), 1-10); (Image: s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com).

REVIEW

Biodegradation of Chlorpyrifos by Microbes - A Review

Anish Kumar Sharma, Jyotsana Pandit

Chlorpyrifos is a broad spectrum organ phosphorus compound, with anti-cholinesterase enzyme activity against a variety of chewing, sucking and boring insects/pests and used worldwide. Continuous and excessive uses of chlorpyrifos for agricultural as well as other purpose have resulted in environmental pollution, human and animal adverse health effects. Biodegradation of chlorpyrifos by microbes is a cost effective technique for environmental clean-up of this toxic pesticide. Microorganisms including bacteria, fungi and actinomycetes alone as well as together have been reported to efficiently degrade chlorpyrifos. The present review article deals with the isolated chlorpyrifos degrading microorganisms and enzyme systems probably playing active role in chlorpyrifos degradation.

Discovery Biotechnology, 2016, 7(18), 1-10

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