Volume 2, Number 5-7, July - September 2014

Previous | Next

About the Cover

The grain production in India is currently 263.2 million tonnes. According to World Bank Report (1999), post-harvest losses in India amount to 12 to 16 million metric tons of food grains each year, an amount that the World Bank stipulates could feed one-third of India's poor. The monetary value of these losses amounts to more than Rs 50,000 crores per year. The farmers of India usually store grains to meet their own consumption and for the next sowing season. Thus the produce retained is estimated to vary from 10 to 100% of the production (Ref: Ardhendu Chakraborty, J Alice RP Sujeetha. Hermetic Storage: A Novel Approach for Small Scale Farmers. Discovery Agriculture, 2014, 2(5), 24- 25).

OPINION

Hermetic Storage: A Novel Approach for Small Scale Farmers

Ardhendu Chakraborty, J Alice RP Sujeetha

The grain production in India is currently 263.2 million tonnes. According to World Bank Report (1999), post-harvest losses in India amount to 12 to 16 million metric tons of food grains each year, an amount that the World Bank stipulates could feed one-third of India's poor. The monetary value of these losses amounts to more than Rs 50,000 crores per year. The farmers of India usually store grains to meet their own consumption and for the next sowing season. Thus the produce retained is estimated to vary from 10 to 100% of the production. The techniques used in traditional storage are embedded in custom and has passed down through generations. The type of foodstuff and quantity determine the design and capacity of these facilities.

Discovery Agriculture, 2014, 2(5), 24-25

Full Text | PDF

RESEARCH

Nematicidal effect of neem and Bt on Meloidogyne incognita infesting tomato plant by seed dressing treatment


Kaur H, Kaur H, Rishi P

Seed dressing treatment with CPR+NLE was effective and caused significant reduction in number of galls/root system and number of males/250g soil i.e. 9.6% as compared to the inoculated control. WCS+NLE was effective to reduce the number of J2/1g root, number of J2/250g soil, number of egg masses/gall and number of females/gall i.e. 39%, 27.6%, 32% and 54% respectively as compared to the inoculated control. WCS+NLE and WCS+NSE were equally effective to reduce the number of egg masses/gall. Seed dressing with Carbofuradan 3 G was most effective to reduce the number of gall/root system, number of J2/1g root, number of J2/250g soil, number of males/250g soil, number of egg masses/gall and number of females/gall i.e. 9.6%, 86.9%, 100%, 42.2%, 70% and 72.3% respectively as compared to the inoculated control.

Discovery Agriculture, 2014, 2(6), 28-40

Full Text | PDF

RESEARCH

Effect of extrusion process parameters on physical, functional and textural properties of broken rice-foxtail millet-maize based extrudates


Manjula B, Visvanathan R

The effect of extrusion on the physical, functional and textural properties of broken rice extrudates blended with foxtail millet and maize flours of various formulations were studied. The density of blends ranges from 0.09 to 0.57 g/cm3, expansion ratio (1.47-2.58), true density (40.08-559.48 kg/m3), porosity (22.83-38.18 per cent), WAI (3.52-7.81 g/g), WSI (0.0-6.6 per cent), swelling power (5.03-8.18 g/g) and hardness (1.91-10.44 N). It was observed that the increase in feed moisture content resulted in extrudates with a lower expansion ratio and WAI, higher density, WSI and hardness. Among the various combinations investigated the blend with broken rice (30), foxtail millet (60) and maize (10) yielded good sensory results. The results obtained from the experiments were significantly different at (P≤0.01) of all combinations.

Discovery Agriculture, 2014, 2(7), 43-51

Full Text | PDF