Rejoinder of House Sparrows (Passer domesticus) To Artificial Nest Boxes in Lucknow District, Uttar Pradesh, India
House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) is a symbiotic bird species with human habitation. Since the early 1980s the population of House Sparrow has decreased considerably in rural, urban and semi-urban regions in many parts of the world that attracted the Environmentalists and Researchers to excavate out the conservation measures. The loss of habitat has emerged out as the major reason.
During a survey from Jan. 2011 to Jan. 2013, a total of 360 specimens of Indian major carps, Labeo rohita (Ham.) vern rohu and Cirrhinus mrigala (Ham.) vern. mrigala Catla catla (Ham.) vern. thail and Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Val.) vern. silver carp, brigade were collected from Harike wetland and aquaculture ponds in Punjab, out of which scales of 155 fishes were found to be infected with a myxobolid parasite viz., M. saugati Kaur and Singh, 2011.
The present study was undertaken on ‘The Walking Mango Tree’ to find out the insect diversity, species richness and evenness. In this study we have observed a family 6 families of Limacodidae sp. (Slug Moth), Salticidae sp. (Jumping Spider), Procontarinia sp. (Leaf Gall Midge), Anastatus sp. (Wasp), Chrysopidae sp. (Lacewing) and India’s rarest Coccinellidae sp. (Ladybird Beetle- Affidentula minima).
As a rule, insects do not spend the whole world of their life in just one part (niche) of their habitat, since the places where they develop, reproduce and where the imago finds its food are usually different. Only a few groups of insects occupy the same niche in their habitat for the whole of their life. Insect often mate far away from the places where their developmental stages occur.
Quality of water is an important criterion for evaluating the suitability of water for irrigation and drinking. As of now only earth is the planet having about 70% of water. But due to increased human population, industrialization, use of fertilizers in the agriculture and man-made activity it is highly polluted with different harmful contaminants.
Distribution of migratory water birds was conducted in six major wetlands of Eastern India. Relationship of migratory water bird counts with demographic aspects has been studied thoroughly in each of the selected wetlands.
Artificial seeds are most commonly described as encapsulated somatic embryos. They are product of somatic cells, so can be used for large scale clonal propagation. Apart from somatic embryos, other explants such as shoot tips, axillary buds have also been used in preparation of artificial seeds.
Plants are the sources of many bioactive compounds containing many primary metabolites like, carbohydrates (starch, sugar), proteins, phenols, ascorbic acid etc., are useful for flavoring, fragrances, insecticides, sweeteners and natural dyes (Kaufman et al., 1998).
Present investigation was the first attempt which deals with the in vivo and in vitro comparative study of protein level in Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.)., a nitrogen fixing tree. Protein was investigated in callus, root, leaf and stem by means of SDS-PAGE.. The nodal explants were taken from the in vitro seedlings and cultured in the MS medium supplemented on 2.5 mg/l of BAP and callus were initiated on 2,4-D (0.5 mg/l) .
Tinospora cordifolia comes under the class Magnoliopsida, order Ranunculales and belongs to the Menispermaceae family. The species is widely distributed in India. The plant is large, glabrous deciduous climbing shrub. The stems are rather succulent with long filiform fleshy aerial roots form the branches.