Studies on enzyme activity of earthworm cast from Kitchen waste with cow dung
The aim of this study was to assess the activity of enzymes during the course of decomposition of the substrate in the presence of epigeic earthworm species. Earthworm secretes enzymes namely amylase, cellulose and lipase, chitinase which degrade complex biomolecules into simple compounds utilizable by the symbiotic gut microflora. It is therefore easy to speculate that vermicast are rich in enzymes.
The World population is increasing by millions every year. It will be necessary to increase the supply of food and other agricultural products to meet their needs. At the moment many of these methods being used to increase production are damaging to natural resources and the environment and farmers are supposed to invest heavily into inputs to improve yields and productivity.
The obscured challenging factor that interferes with cow economy is the health hazard caused by filth flies, especially house fly Musca domestica. The most important harm is annoyance and the indirect harm is the potential transmission of pathogens (viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and nemetodes).
The rate of cocoon production and weight gain / loss of the epigeic earthworm, Eisenia fetida kept in different substrate medium containing, partly decomposed greengram waste with soil for 5 weeks. The worms kept in different media showed a gradual increase in their body weight until the termination of this study except 10 PSR, where a gradual decline after third week was noticed.
In this experiment we study the important biochemical composition like Carbohydrate , Protein, Lipid and Moisture content, were estimated in muscle tissues of experimental fishes such as Catla catla (Ham), Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Silver carp),Cirrhinus reba (reba), Labeo calbasu (calbasu) were collected from fish market in kumbakonam.
An attempt was made to study the captive breeding and larval rearing of by using laboratory conditions. Etroplus maculatus, commonly known as Orange chromide, is an indigenous cichlid of the Peninsular India and Sri Lanka. They are asynchronous, substrate spawners showing biparental care.
Weed plants grow very luxuriously in lotic and lentic type of water bodies and land. They have a devastating effect on water and land quality. Nowadays the aquatic and terrestrial weeds are obnoxious to eradicate from natural environment which create pollution. So the present study was carried out to examine “The effect of weed plants with vermicompost on germination in tomato’’.
Agriculture contributed to be the main stay of the Indian economy contributes about 25% to the national gross domestic product (Vidyasaager et al., 1978). In the last few decades, there were changes in the agriculture practice from small to larger forming that emphasized in production efficiency using modern agricultural strategy. The extensive use of chemical fertilizer and pesticide according to this strategy caused numbers of deaths and illness to the farmers.
The role of vermiwash an organic liquid fertilizer as foliar spray on plant growth regulators on the exo-morphoiogical characters of crossandra were investigated. The results of the study showed that vermiwash exhibited growth promoting effects on the exo-morphological characters such as plant height, Number of leaves, Leaf length, Leaf breath, and of crossandra.
Vegetable crops generate a large amount of crop residues after harvesting of economic part. These potentially nutritious residues are soft, succulent and easily decomposable and instead of disposing or damping, it can be used as source of organic residues for utilizing the embedded nutrients through compost production.
The rate of cocoon production of adult earthworm, Lampito mauritii kept in 100, 75, 50, 25 and 0 PSR (Per cent substrate ratio) of partly decomposed ricebran waste with soil for 30 days was determined. The worms kept in 50, 75, and 100 PSR media for 30 days showed a gradual increase in their body weight up to 22 days thereafter, a gradual decline until the termination of this study.
Vegetable crops generate a large amount of crop residues after harvesting of economic part. These potentially nutritious residues are soft, succulent and easily decomposable and instead of disposing or damping, it can be used as source of organic residues for utilizing the embedded nutrients through production.
The breeding biology guppy fish, Poecilia reticulata was studied during December 2014 to March 2015 in laboratory, Government College for Women (A) Kumbakonam, Bharathidasan University. Guppy bred all over year, when in compared to December to January with a pick period in March.
Indian system of medicines, especially Ayurved, has been using cow-urine for betterment of physical and mental health of mankind since thousands of years ago. Cows were regarded as wealth and were the backbone of the economy of ancient Indians. Most of the medicines are made by distilling urine and collecting vapors known as Cow Urine Distillate or distillate.
The role of panchagavya in agriculture is well described in Vedas. Panchagavya a vedic formulation for increased productivity, disease resistance in plants and potential of utilizing panchagavya as biofertilizer was treated on various pulses solanum melongena. Their common objective is to provide socioeconomic and ecological benefits.