Man was/is a watchful observer of the surrounding nature what it could offer him. Apart from concrete material use, he also tried the elements of biodiversity for developing abstract relationships like worships, songs, tales, proverbs, etc. The art of communication has its origin at the dawn of civilization. Man coined words for communication. Toponomy is one such way of communication about places, villages, cities, etc.
The common or vernacular names avoid descriptive phrases and render our communication easier. In this paper, knowledge, experience and wisdom about medicinal virtues encoded in 47 common names belonging to 42 plant species are analysed. These ancient names actually immortalized medicolore of the past, which is neglected on the onset of modernization.
Distribution of water birds (both resident and migratory) was conducted in six major wetlands of Eastern India. Biodiversity indices such as Simpson’s dominance index and Shanon diversity index were calculated for the fourteen available migratory ducks while Sorensen’s similarity indices were calculated for all migratory species (including waders).
Oxyopes fabae, a new lynx spider (Araneae: Oxyopidae) from forest litter of Jaldapara Wild Life Sanctuary, India, is described and illustrated.
The main aim of this study was to identify and document the different folk medicinal plants used in the kolli hills region (Eastern Ghats, India) for the ailment of various diseases. Another important objective is to overcoming the amount of an orally transmitted pharmacopoeia, as an attempt to exploit the ethnopharmacology endowment of the region for further therapeutic purposes.
The Indian bull frog, Hoplobatrachus tigerinus Daudin, 1803 is frequently found to be infected with the digenean, Tremiorchis ranarum Mehra et Negi, 1926. The seasonal dynamics of the T.ranarum was studied in the frog during February, 2013 to February, 2014 from Kadapa District, Andhra Pradesh.
Odonates play crucial role in ecosystem functioning and can be used as biological indicators of environmental quality. Although much work have been carried out regarding the abundance and distribution of insect orders in southern Andhra Pradesh, no sufficient effort has been made to study the diversity and distribution of Odonates.
During the present study an efficient in vitro propagation protocol has been developed viz; callus induction, multiple shoot regeneration and rooting of regenerated shoots from hypocotyl explants. Maximum callus production was obtained on MS medium fortified with BAP (2mg/l) after 24 days of inoculation.
The Indian Sundarbans, at the apex of Bay of Bengal is a mangrove dominated deltaic ecosystem sustaining some 106 species of brackish water phytoplankton. A significant seasonal variation of aquatic salinity, mostly regulated by monsoon is a salient feature of this ecosystem.
Bacterial isolates from sludge samples collected at a local area of Bangalore were screened for bacteria producing Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) specifically for Poly – (3-hydroxy butyrate) (PHB) at one month interval between April 2012 to March 2013. Initially Sudan Black B staining was performed to detect lipid cellular inclusions.
Since beginning of life, plants have been playing a significant role in every activities of an individual to fulfil the basic necessities of life. An increasing population in poor and under - developed countries were mainly dependent on available food resources to fulfil their regular food requirements.
Since the beginning and after civilisation, human population is mainly dependent on plant and plant products for food, shelter and medicine. In 16th century modern civilised humans started following tribal’s traditional knowledge on cosmetics utilisation in certain special occasions prepared from plant products such as Turmeric, Sandalwood, Aromatic leaves and flowers as perfumes and natural deodorants to have aesthetic external body appearance.
The objective of this paper is to monitor the aquatic health of urban lentic ecosystems by using biodiversity as a tool. The sediment and soil samples collected from three lakes to analyse macrobenthos. The collected macrobenthos are assorted on an enamel tray on which several parallel lines are made.
Coastal sand dunes (CSD) are sensitive and fragile ecosystems with variety of specific floral species. A study of sand dune flora along coastal sand dune areas was done from January 2014 to June 2014. A total of 39 species belonging to 33 genera and 28 families were identified at three different sites.
Parthenium hysterophorus is a species of flowering plant in Asteraceae, which is native to the American tropics. It is a common noxious invasive species in India. It invades farms, pastures, and roadsides. It is an important weed in agriculture and a source of highly allergenic pollen. This weed causes allergic respiratory problems, contact dermatitis and mutagenicity in humans.
The Suruwila Lake, is a part of the Anawilundawa Water tank system that comprises of seven small irrigation tanks, Pinkattiya, Wellawala, Maradansole, Irakka-wela/IhalaWewa, Anawilundawa, Suruwila and Maiyawa located between 7°40’N and 79° 49’E , in the North Western Province of Puttalam in Sri Lanka.
Kadalundi estuary is one of the unique wetland of north Kerala. This study was intended to assess the diversity of fish fauna in Kadalundi estuary and was carried out over a period of six months (january 2014- june 2014). The fishes were collected personally and also with the help of fisherman. Identification was made with the help of experts and by referring books.
University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore established in the year 1964 for promotion of agricultural education and research in the country. The Government of Mysore headed by Sri. S. Nijalingappa, the then Chief Minister, established the University of Agricultural Sciences on the pattern of Land Grant College system of USA and the University of Agricultural Sciences Act No. 22 was passed in Legislative Assembly in 1963.
Ethnomedicinal Plants traditionally occupy an important position in socio-cultural and socio-economic arena of rural and tribal societies. The present authors surveyed Nasik, Nandurbar, Dhule, Jalgaon and Buldhana districts of North Maharashtra for the traditional knowledge of herbal vendors since July 2009.
The objective of the present study was to review the potential medicinal plants of Lamiaceae distributed throughout the state of Karnataka, India. Lamiaceae, also called as mint family is one of the largest families including herbs or shrubs often with aroma. They are usually common in Mediterranean countries for the fact that some of them produce a high amount of essential oils that enables them to survive in hot summer seasons.
Since different types of abnormal red blood cells arise by different etiologic processes, disease diagnosis can often be made by interpretation of red blood cell pathology in conjunction with hematological data and other clinical and laboratory information. The presence of red blood cell abnormalities can give important diagnostic clues for the well being of any species.
While inventorying the angiosperms of north-west Uttar Pradesh, India, I came across an interesting collection of Tiliacora racemosa Colebr. for the first time. I observed a non-invasive population of Tiliacora racemosa from district Saharanpur in 2014 (near Saharanpur, north-western Uttar Pradesh, India).
Distribution of migratory water birds was conducted in six major wetlands of Eastern India. Food habits of the observed migratory birds were studied thoroughly in each of the selected wetlands.
Collembolans commonly known as spring-tails are minute, soft bodied, wingless primitive insects. They live in micropores of the soil, leaf litter, dung, cave and shorelines. They feed largely on dead plant parts, animal tissues, fungal hyphae and plant residues. During past several years, several faunal groups have been studied from Phansad Wildlife Sanctuary, Raigad, Maharashtra but so far no detailed account in respect of diversity of soil collembola is reported.
Is a brief history of the taxonomy scleractinian genera Porites and Turbinaria, common in all reefs Indo-Pacific. Discusses the morphology and terminology of the skeleton of the coral and their tacsonomic history. Are audited signs to identify those corals.
Distribution of migratory water birds was conducted in six major wetlands of Eastern India. Temporal variation is studied thoroughly in each of the selected wetlands.
The diversity and frequency of insects visiting Murraya paniculata (L.), which is a tropical, evergreen plant found in the campus of Loyola College, were assessed. The visiting times of the insects were studied by direct observation. Six species of insects belonging to two orders were seen to frequently visit the flowers of the plant during the study period.
Phytochemical screening of ethanol extract of seed belongs to the family Bixaceae have been evaluated in the present study. Isolation and identification of bioactive compound from the B. orellana seed extract against the larvae of A. aegypti mosquito, the transmitters of dengue fever has been carried out.
The time of ovulation is a key element in reproductive management of cattle. Most of the infertility problems reported in healthy, normocyclic cattle are due to mistimed breeding. The lack of accurate, direct methods of determining ovulation in cattle may be one of the reasons for reproductive failure. Additionally, some females may have silent, fragmented or anovulatory cycles also contribute to reduce the fertility rate.
Cow urine is well known for its medicinal properties. The present investigation was undertaken to study of the efficacy of cow urine distillate on growth, food utilization parameters and survival rate of cirrhinus mrigala. The cow urine has been recorded for its high prophylactic and therapeutic values since vedic times in India.